Appendix FM.

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This route is for those seeking to enter or remain in the UK on the basis of their family life with a person who is a British Citizen, is settled in the UK, or is in the UK with limited leave as a refugee or person granted humanitarian protection.

It sets out the requirements to be met and, in considering applications under this route, it reflects how, under Article 8 of the Human Rights Convention, the balance will be struck between the right to respect for private and family life and the legitimate aims of protecting national security, public safety and the economic well-being of the UK; the prevention of disorder and crime; the protection of health or morals; and the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.

It also takes into account the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children in the UK.


For the purposes of this Appendix “partner” means-

(i) the applicant’s spouse;
(ii) the applicant’s civil partner;
(iii) the applicant’s fiancé(e) or proposed civil partner; or
(iv) a person who has been living together with the applicant in a relationship akin to a marriage or civil partnership for at least two years prior to the date of application. 

In this Appendix (a) the requirement to make a valid application will not apply when the Article 8 claim is raised:


(i) as part of an asylum claim, or as part of a further submission in person after an asylum claim has been refused;
(ii) where a migrant is in immigration detention;
(iii) where removal directions have been set pending an imminent removal;
(iv) in an appeal; or

(v) in response to a (one stop) notice issued under section 120 of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and (b) where the Article 8 claim is raised in any of the circumstances specified in paragraph GEN.1.9.(a) the requirements of paragraphs R-LTRP.1.1.(c) and R-LTRPT.1.1.(c) are not met


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